In the analysis stage of the strategic management process, the final phase is to apply the SWOT framework to consolidate a “snapshot” of the internal and external analysis conducted and identify the key strategic issue(s). The SWOT pulls together the important information from the external and internal analysis and the organizational performance assessment and displays it in an organized framework. The strengths and weaknesses are internal to the organization, and the opportunities and threats are external to the firm.
The information and data from the assessments and SWOT are then used to formulate the strategic issue(s). What needs to be addressed and resolved to move the organization forward toward success and its vision? Strategies are then developed that address the resolution of the strategic issue and advance the organization, as discussed in the next chapter.