Book Title: Cell Biology, Genetics, and Biochemistry for Pre-Clinical Students

Author: Renée J. LeClair

Cover image for Cell Biology, Genetics, and Biochemistry for Pre-Clinical Students

Book Description: Cell Biology, Genetics, and Biochemistry for Pre-Clinical Students, is an undergraduate medical-level resource for foundational knowledge across the disciplines of genetics, cell biology and biochemistry. This text is designed for a course in first year undergraduate medical course that is delivered typically before students start to explore systems physiology and pathophysiology. The text is meant to provide the essential information from these content areas in a concise format that would allow learner preparation to engage in an active classroom. Clinical correlates and additional application of content is intended to be provided in the classroom experience. The text assumes that the students will have completed medical school prerequisites (including the MCAT) in which they will have been introduced to the most fundamental concepts of biology and chemistry that are essential to understand the content presented here. This resource should be assistive to the learner later in medical school and for exam preparation given the material is presented in a succinct manner, with a focus on high-yield concepts.

Additional versions of this book are freely available at: and

Instructors reviewing, adopting, or adapting parts or the whole of the text are requested to register their interest at: Instructors and subject matter experts interested in sharing original supplemental materials are invited to join

Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike


Book Information


Renée J. LeClair



Pre-clinical medicine: basic sciences


Cell Biology, Genetics, and Biochemistry for Pre-Clinical Students
Renée J. LeClair
Anita Walz
Kindred Grey

You are free to copy, share, adapt, remix, transform, and build on the material for any primarily noncommercial purpose as long as you follow the terms of the license:

You must:

  • Attribute – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
  • ShareAlike – If you remix, transform, or build on the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.

You may not:

  • NonCommercial – You may not use the work for primarily commercial use.
  • Additional restrictions – You may not add any legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.

Suggested citation: LeClair, Renée J. (2021) Cell Biology, Genetics, and Biochemistry for Pre-Clinical Students. Roanoke: Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine. Licensed with CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Publisher: This work is published by the Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine in association with Virginia Tech Publishing, a division of the University Libraries at Virginia Tech.

Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine
2 Riverside Circle
Roanoke, VA 24016 USA

Virginia Tech Publishing
University Libraries at Virginia Tech
560 Drillfield Drive
Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA

This work is also distributed by LibreTexts, Davis, CA USA
Note: The LibreTexts version of this work at may differ from this version.

Peer review: This book has undergone single-blind peer review by five external reviewers.

Accessibility statement: Virginia Tech Publishing is committed to making its publications accessible in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The Pressbooks (HTML) and ePub versions of this text are tagged structurally and include alternative text, which allows for machine readability.

Publication cataloging information:
ISBN 978-1-949373-42-4 (PDF)
ISBN 978-1-949373-43-1 (ePub)
ISBN 978-1-949373-41-7 (print – forthcoming)
ISBN 978-1-957213-05-7 (Pressbooks)
URI (Universal Resource Identifier):

Disclaimer: The information in this textbook is intended for educational purposes only and is not meant to take the place of medical care, diagnoses, or services. Please see your health care provider about any health concerns.

Cover Art: Adapted from DNA double helix grooves by Biochemlife. CC BY SA 4.0

Illustration and Cover Design: Kindred Grey

Primary Subject
Pre-clinical medicine: basic sciences
Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine in association with Virginia Tech Publishing
Publication Date
November 19, 2021
Ebook ISBN